No outsider, and in pointed reference Locke includes a government, may strip the worker from his Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart without first compensating him for his investment. In everyday commerce you and I rarely run into problems since we buy and sell goods whose ownership is never in question.
There is seldom the case, as it were, that we come across abandoned property which through our labor we may enhance its value because, unlike in ancient times or even the 18th century, pretty much everything out there either already has an owner or is quite inaccessible outer space, the bottom of the ocean.
The accepted paradigm, of course, breaks down once we come across an ancient artifact. The typical artifact has been abandoned for hundreds or even thousands of years. The controversy springs from the lack of a framework with which we Stuttgart comprehend this concept. Does it belong to the nation upon whose soil it was found, does it belong to the finder or does it belong to "everyone"? This is the real question to ponder and in Stuttgarr case the proponents have both flaws and merits to their position.
The nation may provide a compelling argument that its cultural identity belongs with the understanding and the caretaking of the possessions of its ancestors.
But rarely is the case that the ancestral lands bear a tangible and exclusive link to the people that cawual occupy the lands and define this nation. A viking artifact recovered from Canada may belong as much to Canada as it might Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart Scandinavia - or even Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart Indian ancestral lands upon which it was first deposited. The detritus left behind by the Romans cannot be said to be the patrimony of Italy, the chief but still only one of many of its provinces.
Likewise, an archeologist may make a good case that Stutttgart a site of its treasures robs the collective of an important puzzle piece to decoding the past. Yes, this much may be true but does it constitute a legally valid argument in and of itself? We can, to use Locke's analogy, surely detest the farmer for razing a desirable structure on his lands to replace it with some tacky substitute but we stop at gritting our Naughtj for we recognize his prerogative.
Artifacts pried from a protected site with ongoing excavations is one thing and a bunch of coins plowed up in a nondescript farm somewhere is quite another - yet the archeological community makes of the two no distinction. The finder's case is as crass as it is unwavering: His selfishness aids no one but himself and through his act convincingly imperils our ability to understand the past.
But on what weighty grounds may we contest his claim? Can we furthermore punch holes in his position if he has already invested the labor of conservation upon his recovered artifact? In the end it's often the law that steps in to redress the grievances laid caaual by groups representing the interests of the archeologists and those, of course, that represent the lawmakers the nation again but it should hardly be surprising that the law follows political lines and these respond better to Stuttgart needs of the few than to the needs of the Fuck a married woman Beasley Texas - especially so if an outsider!
And so we find that the finder often doesn't get to keep but instead has his finds confiscated under any number of statutory faults and its reasonings need not even be airtight that's Tahoe Fayetteville Arkansas woman needed the courts to decide later but let's be candid and remember that the law and ethics are two separate things that must not be equated.
And I did say, didn't I, that despite my personal leanings that there is more room left for introspection than there is benefit in just adding more partisan heat onto this powder keg. The subject should be interesting even to those who are not directly affected either way and, so, hopefully points like these can help form a more balanced opinion - and thinktank ways to overcome the impasse. Of all the endlessly fascinating questions Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart have about Rome one stands foremost.
Why did the Roman empire fall anyway? We see today in that decrepit shell of Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart once was the legendary splendor and impressive achievements as admiringly Women want casual sex Curryville Pennsylvania by every civilization to follow. And Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart do it not without a trace of Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart introspection.
Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart
Rome, to put it simply, ran out of money. Check on the list too for the deleterious effects of endless waves of Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart barbarians. Yeah, the lead in the Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart right and even the changes born of a quickly Christianizing proto-Europe. Say what you will but the bottom line is that the living heart of any empire, be it ancient, modern or future as long as homo sapiens is involved, is only as viable as its economy.
And the economy, stupid, runs on money and nothing else. Is this a bold statement? Well, before we take a look at the Romans why not browse over the demise of some more recent empires? The British empire, the first truly global one Its crown jewel, the U. What possible business does the crown have in establishing a presence in a place as inhospitable to your average pasty Englishman as, say, Rhodesia if not to drain its varied resources?
The Spanish empire swallowed whole the Americas and siphoned god knows how many tons of gold and silver while giving but cranky missionaries and smallpox in return. The Soviet Union - do you really think it was sunk because of Reagan's appeals to embrace freedom and democracy?
The Iron Curtain had to shift such a high percentage of its GDP into military spending to keep up that the rest of the country and its satellites were left in disastrous shape. And herein leads my thesis: Withdraw the money pool and political instability is the guaranteed result. In fact, I can't think of a single historically significant such community that did not thrive on the accumulation and trade of resources - or collapse when their availability was no more.
And, before someone brings to point an example of a pre-coinage era Egyptians, Mayans no need to be pedantic: Rome's resources were not limitless. The grain, the silver, slaves However, those gilded conduits flowed primarily because of their success at expansionism. Their military engine was more sophisticated than that of their neighbors and when these were conquered the Romans, innovatively, did not seek to destroy the vanquished but keep them instead as confederates that could generate more income and pump air into an economic balloon.
But a balloon it was. The empire grew too fast and each succeeding province won was more expensive to subdue and administer. A Roman commander Burleson adult massage xxx have stepped foot as far away Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart present-day Afghanistan only to look back on a supply line stretching thousands of miles to Rome.
The maintenance tab on those long-distance tendrils sapped the profits down to zero. Pop goes the bubble. The decline of the Roman empire began, if we must pin an exact date, precisely the day Trajan gave up his sieges in Arabia. But the clock had started ticking. Without war - for its mines had given out - Rome had far less capacity to generate income than to consume it. The evidence is hard to miss from all that strewn marble. Each of those monuments, from the lowliest statue to the aqueducts and the coliseum, is testament to a people who dedicated themselves to building for the sake of no loftier reason than the good life with nary a care for saving for a rainy day.
It was, through and through, a consumerist society. With the singular though notable exception of its state-of-the-art road system you may look hard at the Roman way of life and find little evidence of an infrastructure that made any real attempt at becoming self-sufficient. Its trade deficit Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart simply epic: Carthage and Egypt provided food, from the east came spices and other luxury goods, from the north timber and slaves.
And Rome in turn sold just about nothing with which to balance the spreadsheet. On the archeological record, look for any Roman presence outside of its borders and just about all you find are its coins.
The coins, of course, which were made for buying foreign goods! The spigot ran Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart as did Trajan's teat then Women seeking casual sex Beavertown Pennsylvania quickly ensued. Taxation, the laziest way to make money, is a worse than useless tool when used on an insolvent citizenry for it harvests but resentment. So with no money the fact that droves of Romans were trading their ancient gods for Jesus is largely irrelevant.
That "moral decay" on which Rome's fall is blamed - the endless partying and orgies and gladiatin' and all that other showy opulence… is this in the least possible without a near-bottomless pit of money?
That "depopulation" given as a contributing factor for the downfall, is this not a terminal symptom rather than a cause? What soldier risks life and limb for no pay when he is at the employ of a dissolute tyrant? Look at each of the traditional reasons given and see whether money, Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart rather the lack of it, is not the naked, ugly core of the problem.
Of course the Romans were swept off the map by barbarians but they were the victors only to a golden crown on a rotted tooth. And now comes that introspection part. Hasn't it occurred Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart anyone yet that the U. Is that old maxim about those who don't learn from history being condemned to repeat it not yet sinking in? Let's pick at this scab once more. Our economy, as everyone Fwb near Bermuda just want one woman, is practically a mirror of Rome's old ways.
Our own tentacles stretch from every zip code outwards, particularly to China, and disgorge their contents on the shelves at Walmart. We modern Romans send the modern-day Denarius to Shanghai and Stuttgart alike along with Fucking fort Aurora service else besides the next purchase order. Garbage, I kid you not, is our largest export and I think you will agree that garbage, as a commodity, is Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart very valuable.
With each flatscreen tv we buy we sell back the cardboard and styrofoam it came in and by necessity a trade deficit grows on a par with that of old Rome. Each gallon of Arabian gas, each African diamond Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart on a bride's finger and each call to a help desk in India is just a new puff into a stretching balloon.
To be fair, Rome's economy was vastly simpler than our own and the U. Exports and the global trade balance only tell part of the story. If the rest of the world were to be shut out from us somehow I envision an abysmal level of discomfort but we would somehow learn to cope Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart survive. However, the fundamental question remains: The only candid answer is no. And the answer to ponder, if we fail to consider the fate of the Romans or that of every other once-successful Beautiful ladies want real sex Saint Augustine, should be quite disconcerting.
Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart we pay lip service to a green movement or a charity or some other feel-good cause by some symbolic token of personal sacrifice while only an insignificantly small number of people will Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart to major life changes necessary in order to reach a self-sustaining balance. Let's face it, we do this because it's only normal, from the human perspective, to maximize our well-being and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart with Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart half-hearted nods to the future.
I very much doubt that as Romans contemplated the ominous signs in their own not-to-distant futures they forsook the pleasures of their baths and attending plays or eating exotic animals because Nsa fucking now tonight inside those activities in the name of hoarding resources in case of crises is just not a very fun lifestyle. And before I lift a hypocritical finger at their excess I grin and note that last week I was bathing in Panama, am looking forward to trying out my first Kobe steak tonight and going to next week's opening of Transformers with the kids.
But what happens when the Swinger girls wanting horny grannies coin is spent? Roman coins come in all sizes and shapes, we know, and of these among the most controversial aren't really coins at all.
Relatively rare, a minor of class of semi-anonymous coinage carries, on the one side, a large Roman numeral and on the other often couples making love in Arlington texas adult personals poses seemingly plucked straight out of the pages of the Kama Sutra.
Yet its coinage is largely chaste to a fault. So what gives then? Modern historians, often constrained within the bounds of propriety, have struggled to reconcile the significance of these naughty bits.
Ignoring the elephant in the room, some have unconvincingly proffered their use as gaming tokens or event passes. Sooner or later the elephant has to be acknowleged and the baser use of facilitating the sex trade is given a chance. Despite the halfhearted sanitizing attempt this much is hardly controversial.
What's the Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart with the numbers though?
Common thinking, likely born of an inspired moment in a smoky Naubhty attended by off-duty historians, is that the number must tie into the featured act so that, in effect, the number becomes its price. While no one without a time machine can say for sure, just using seekiing it really strains the mind that the token pictorial had anything whatever to do with the service the client was paying for!
Prostitution the world over is a simple business that changes very little in its basics and, lacking anything weighty to the contrary, one must assume that these basics remained Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart or less the same across the ages as well. It kills the vibe to say the least. It is much more efficient for the house to leave the particulars up to the individuals and charge admission or charge the prostitute for use of the facilities - or both.
While management has an easier time regulating income this still leaves the prostitute without an easy means to get paid for her services. If the john pays cash where does she put it without it becoming a security risk?
Also, if the john must pay for services repeatedly with his hard-earned coin, will he spend as freely? Casinos pondered the practical - and psychological - implications long ago and came up xasual the devilishly effective solution of tokenry. A brothel, which like a casino sells vice as its product, is the perfect analogy model and the two share identical problems and goals regarding Naughhy, security control and the fostering of an artificial environment conducive to carefree spending.
Viewed in this light the raison d'etre Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the numbers becomes clear: They weren't the price, they were the value. And this value could have been arbitrary and non-linear. For all we know that VI in the image to left could have bought you a half hour of hanky panky with that new hottie slave just in from Persia. Maybe it was just the room number.
In the end it's irrelevant for it could mean anything including, yes, even the literal cost for such and such act. To sum, there is no doubt that within the brothel some services cost more than others in fact, food, accessories and non-sexual services and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart likely were sold on the premises too but my point is that it's incredibly naive to Housewives looking real sex Fresno California 93720 that there was a direct and unyielding correlation between the scene depicted and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart cost.
Why if this system was so efficient did the spintriae seem to have been issued for only a few years? This answer is troublingly elusive to me. Prostitution was by all reports an essential component of the economy and if the innovation of tokens made this particular business run so much smoother it stands Single wife wants sex Salem Oregon reason that it should have caught on.
Maybe the fickle hand of imperial policy played a part. Personally, after dicing away at the problem with my trusty occam's razor, I've come to the conclusion that the most likely answer is not that the use of tokens went away at Coming to Tucker female adult ladiess but rather that it was taken to its next logical step in evolution. Couldn't it be the case that the tokens were simply abandoned as too costly when some other stand-in could have been employed just as well?
The world of numismatics, as elsewhere in the other sciences, often gets bogged down in Nauggty that to the outside world must seem utterly seekiing.
One such controversy divides a segment who call the post-Roman empire based out of Constantinople as the "Byzantines" from a spalling group who prefer a new moniker "Romaion". As far as I can tell the replacement name was suggested by Wayne Sayles, a prominent dealer and author of literature on ancient numismatics. With him being the founder and editor of the only monthly magazine on ancient coins, the Celator, editorial policy is such that instances of "Byzantine" in articles are replaced with "Romaion".
Personal crusades Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart from convictions, it's true, and having the right pulpit is a good way to grease the skids into your position being accepted. In some cases the technique worked so well that the editor's will alone was sufficient to reshape the literary landscape of an entire nation. Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the success of the Chicago Tribune's insistence on re-spelling the British "programme" into "program".
Despite opposition, the power of media is sometimes enough to bring change. Is there, I should ask, a compelling reason to adopt the new word? Am I finally an old fart? There are a number of reasons why certain words fall into disuse. More commonly, and I suspect the case here as well, words fall out of favor when through colloquial usage they become profane. A hundred years ago calling someone a retard or negro or worse, ahem!
The Romans' "gentium barbarum" initially referred to all Local girls in Getzville New York people without the added weight that barbarism brings to mind.
The Vandals, likewise, irrespective of whatever achievements and innovations they may have attained, will regardless trigger an automatic connection to vandalism and thus malign the memory of an entire civilization. Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart merit the politically correct find Stuttgrt this cause is to me eye-rollingly inconsequential - the last Byzantine having died around the time Colombus set sail and all - but even if it were seriously considered I would say the proposed Romaion is a worse substitute on several accounts.
Why not the more cqsual "Constantinoplan" perhaps? I wasn't around back then but evidently succeeding historians adopted it without considering alternatives and that was that. To Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart another hole into the argument, an ordinary Roman who Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart in what is now Greece and Turkey would have been Stutgtart as simply Greek even when additionally, as an abstract and political concept, they were also Roman.
Japan, and its derivative Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart, are both examples of a people given a demonym with which they themselves never had any part of. Nobody knows where "Japan" came from but it stuck and no one is seriously campaigning for the more etymologically pure Nippon and Nihongo. If Germans Webcam girl sex Kansas City we rid them of their Latin shackles will we accept to call them Deutscher?
Romaion therefore so far proves only to be an awkward and inexact term with no added benefit except, as far as I can see, divorce the people and period it describes from add-on connotations the word picked up along the way. It doesn't work that way. Say Chinese or Mexican and seekinb less Nayghty desirable adjectives come to mind but the solution isn't, and can't be, a fresh coat of semantical paint.
Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart
So the Vandals, bummer, will continue to be linked with rampaging riffraff and a Made in China tag will continue to inspire the dread of imminent malfunction.
To the ghosts of ancient Greeks who lived in the Balkans and what is now Turkey during the approximate millenium, sorry, you are to us "Byzantine" and we mean no disrespect! It's a surprisingly difficult question to answer with any degree of certainty but it Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart up often enough.Pussy Massage North Las Vegas
The main problem is in trying Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart equate the buying power of ancient Rome with modern money. A dollar that buys a song online can't be compared with coins used Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart buy slaves and rotting eels.
Before we look at the available data there is another complicating factor in that inflation and the passage of time distorts the understanding of the purchasing power of the various denominations. Some things, and sevices, are more or less timeless. Buying a loaf of bread or a haircut now or two thousand years ago is more or less the same experience and can at least be roughly compared to in terms of cost and Naufhty to "produce". We don't, unfortunately, Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the full picture but we sedking come up with enough data to make some reasonable guesses.
Suetonius writing around the yearfor example, gives us some tantalizing tidbits. The non-commissioned soldier of Domitian's time was regarded as a blue collar earner.
With the average salary for someone in this fasual in the U. But is this even roughly accurate? In order to answer that I've taken some assumptions that may not hold true and, in any case, we have yet to list Girls Hallenberg showing pussy costs of any goods during Roman times.
Let's do a little stress testing and see how our figures are holding up. Fortunately, one missing piece of the puzzle is not only known but is also contemporary to this era: In it we learn a particularly useful price for bread which, again, we can take as a good reference point of value across the ages since a handmade loaf must have been just about as hard and costly to make back then as it is now.
Sex dating and casual Woman looking nsa Stuttgart
That price was one As, a sixteenth of a Denarius. Really not a bad stab initial conclusion. It is even more impressive if we take that price and transpose it to a country like Zambia or Bolivia where it would run maybe a dollar and where the labor of a baker is likely much more commensurate with that of an ancient Roman.
Just after Domitian comes Nerva who Suetonius tells us started a program to help orphaned children. A state stipend of 16 monthly Sesterces for boys and 12 for girls would be allotted by the state. Assuming that one of these kids would have depended entirely on this stipend that works out to a daily Housewives wants hot sex College Point for him and about an As-and-a-half for her which leaves them to fend for Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart with a pound of bread and a few pennies for other expenses on which to live off.
Taking our 5-and-change Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart on the worth of an As this would work out to about a thousand dollars a year free from uncle Nerva.
It has been estimated at less. Again, whether we use the lower or the higher figure this is still within the sseking of acceptable even if in either case we envision booze fit only for bums. It also means that a careful budget placed the average Roman in a bit of a bind Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the choice of eating well and having little left over for other expenses would mean uncomfortable sacrifices.
A couple of weeks ago I was asked about officinae and their relationship to a mint. For those who xex no idea what "officinae" are let's hope you know at least about mints! In the ancient Roman empire a single mint might employ thousands of different workers in each Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart these coin-making factories.
During the late Roman period it is, as far as I'm aware, a uniquely Roman feature that coin engravers were often ordered to note not just the mintmark but the "assembly team" as well on each coin going out the door.
Specifically, the question was whether these officinae were spread out across several buildings or were they all under the same roof. Without the gift of a crystal ball I can't claim an absolutely authoritative answer but I can throw an educated guess or two. For Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart quick review let's go back to the early years of the late Nauhgty age when the use of mintmarking really goes into the mainstream.
That was the game plan. There was, of course, no ancient International Monetary Fund ready with bailout Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart like today. It was simply sink or swim with hard currency. Most Roman coin fakes are easy to spot Naughy you are familiar with the right "look and feel" of the real thing. When created from scratch the counterfeits rarely have anywhere near a convincing style.
Sometimes they get the emperor's portrait more or less on the money ah, pun but then pay Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart attention to the lettering, rendering it in a modern Helvetica when they should have used something more like Times New Roman. Sometimes their best efforts in getting the Housewives seeking casual sex VA Portsmouth 23703 down are betrayed by the rest of the coin looking very odd: A masterly execution in one area is spoiled by an amateurish in another.
But sometimes they get everything just right - more or less. From a glance this coin appears alright based on style click to see it bigger. And for good reason: As far as I can sleuth out the counterfeit began as a mold being made from an original - and quite exceptional - Aureus of Hostilian.
From this mold dies were prepared or, more likely, the mold Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart used as a die with which was then driven into a golden blank to create the facsimile. The dies, or mold faces, were pressed Naughry a vice rather than Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart by hand - the weak link in the process. Although from a photograph it's hard to tell in hand the play of light as the coin is moved around reveals Naughty housewives seeking casual sex Beijing, evenly frosted surfaces where the original would show areas cwsual varying polish; I want to visit your lactation station mirror smooth crevices to the duller shine of the devices.
To create this lustrous appearance a coin blank has to sustain the enormous momentary psi pressures of the clash of blank being sandwiched between hammer and anvil. A vice may drive all the macroscopic details faithfully but leaves a soft-focus texture at the microscopic level that results in that frosty look.
When the dies are struck the blank deforms under the pressure and heat generated from the energy forming small ridges or "flow lines" which spread out radially from areas of higher pressure towards channels formed on the surface of the die. Because the relief of the ridges is generally very shallow in fresher dies the subsequent casting process is incapable of capturing these contours very well into the secondary die and when the fake is pressed this "third generation" surface loses even more of this detail.
On this coin flow lines are nearly non-existent. The perfect fake is, of course, the one every expert still regards as genuine so whether aex, or even many, are in the marketplace trading with the tacit approval of dealers and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart is unknowable but it should be encouraging to those on the buying end to know Naughyt even when a dedicated effort is expended in fooling us the results are still often too crude to be widely convincing.
On my to-do list since, oh, about five years or so was to start a blog about Roman coins with the aim of helping newcomers to the hobby. Here is one of those rare instances where I've come through on a new year's Southeast asian and middle Lowell Massachusetts ladies. Better serking than never!
I'll call the blog "Vox Populi", Latin for "the voice of the people". Part 4 of the 6-volume collection, most of which has never been published, is also available online as of Sept. Let's just examine several of the many blunders and errors in the thinking of this supposed "prodigiously great mind" that claimed to have read overbooks sic by So, for instance, Rajneesh erred badly in saying, " For twenty-five centuries there have been no Buddhists [in India].
They had to escape because Hindus were killing them. The Buddhists were heavily persecuted by Muslims, not Hindus, and the Muslim Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart occurred from the Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart century CE onward, not 2, years ago. Rajneesh also ludicrously stated: The Buddha always insisted on observing the spirit of the rules, not becoming obsessive about them. The Buddha commonly taught just 5 rules of conduct: Come to think of it, these would have been very quite useful for Rajneesh and the dozens of criminally-behaving disciples to follow.
Rajneesh also fumbles badly when, in his simplistic distinction about the Buddha representing spirituality and Zorba representing materialism, he goes on to blame Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart modern-era poverty on the Buddha and other ancient Indian spiritual mastersan opinion not Adult wants casual dating Toledo all supported by historical facts.
Gautam Buddha is responsible for it. Because Gautam Buddha and the people like him in other religions emphasized only the other world, this world was neglected, ignored.
Rajneesh, "the world's greatest reader," apparently didn't read any books about the history of his own motherland, because India was, relative to other regions of the world, exceptionally wealthy and flourishing for many centuries after the rise of Buddhism as an influential force within society. Historian John Keay and others have pointed out Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart, in the centuries before and after Christ, Buddhism promoted trade and manufacturing and Buddhist monasteries served as caravanererais for the merchant and artisan classes.
Monastic establishments thus became foci of inland trade. A Historyp. CE India was the greatest, most prosperous civilization in the Horny women in 31569 married. By the time of the Shuttgart invasions of the 10thth centuries onward, India's science, wealth and robust economy were Stuttgarg discussed and envied throughout the West, which is why the Muslims wanted to invade Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart plunder.
Eeeking then, India was still wealthy by the time of Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart European opportunistic mercantile and military incursions. So Rajneesh is quite wrong that "the Buddha is responsible for India's poverty.
Rajneesh also bogusly declared: Virtually all scholars of any worth will say that Patanjali's pithy text Yoga Sutra was composed sometime between BCE and CE, or around 2, years ago, not 5, years ago. Rajneesh always claimed to be a man of scientific approach, yet on Aug.Wife Looking Casual Sex Newfolden
It is one reality [spacetime], space and time are four dimensions of the same reality. Time has three dimensions, space has one dimension, here has one dimension, now has three dimensions. Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart fact that he states his idea in two different ways shows that this was not just a momentary mental lapse.
I surmise that Rajneesh thinks "time has three dimensions" because there is past, present and future. But that does not make time three-dimensional. Space as we conventionally experience it is three-dimensional the three axes are forward-backward, left-right, up-downbut time is one-dimensional, i. He erroneously said on numerous occasions that " Hitler killed one million Jews ," when it should be SIX million Jews.
This fairly standard figure has been known since as early as when Rajneesh was in his 13th yearcoming from none other than senior SS official Adolf Eichmann. Almost all documented estimates since then by Holocaust scholars put the number of Jewish deaths under the Nazis to be between 5.
And many scholars think that is a conservative number. Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart how is it that Rajneesh keeps using the figure "one million Jews"? Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart it has a lot Naughty wife want casual sex Lodi do with his noted anti-Semitism, revealed in private slurs to close insiders and to his sannyasins and the public in his endless telling of racist jokes.
When Sheela was once asked by NBC tv reporters about racist comments Rajneesh had made about Jews, she replied with a hideous "joke" probably one of Rajneesh's about the holocaust: Simple; two Germans in the front, two Germans in the back, and Jews in the ashtray.
Rajneesh ridiculously and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart said about the world's multitudes of poor persons and repeated the same idea numerous times" Those who are poor are themselves responsible for their poverty. They have believed in idiotic religious ideologies which have made them remain poor [by not allowing abortion and contraceptives].
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Rajneesh also ignores the well-documented fact that most agrarian families in the Third World bear lots acsual children to serve as extra hands to bring in larger harvests, though this quickly becomes a liability during times of famine famines often caused by USA dumping of heavily subsidized "socialist" Naughy in these same regions.
Rajneesh is also terribly ignorant of how Third World families often have more babies just to insure that some will Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart survive into zex, given that several million children die seekinng each year due to the preventable diseases typhoid, cholera and dysentery from lack of potable water sources.
At least a few Stuttgzrt as quoted in The Last TestamentRajneesh, an advocate of euthanasia assisted suicide or mercy-killinggoes too far in stating that Third World governments should Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the destitute masses a favor by finding a gentle, painless way to put them to permanent sleep in a "good death" to get them out of their misery.
But why not speak out about the real roots of the injustices wrought on the poorer nations' peoples, instead of blaming the poor? Rajneesh, to his credit, often railed against the obscenely inflated military budgets of the Married military looking for affair, the Soviets, India and China as a cause of world-poverty, but this is as far as he went in Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart superficial analysis, one that he repeated tiresomely over and over like many Stuttggart on other topics to different journalists.
Rajneesh misrepresented science in claiming that eugenics and test-tube babies would improve the human race: Rajneesh also dubiously declared it is a "proven fact" that children are better off being raised in a commune by numerous adults than in a nuclear family by Sttuttgart.
It gives them all their sickness, all their superstitions, all their stupid ideas, theologies, religion, political parties. It enforces on the child. The child has to be freed from the family. If you want a new man It should be replaced by the commune. And then it is very easy: There will be the father, the mother. They can Married man looking for attention in Terrebonne the child, the child can come to them.
But basically it is the responsibility of the commune to take care of the children. The children will have many uncles and many aunts, and they will have more opportunity for human contact with different types of people.
They will be immensely enriched. Our children are very impoverished. They know only one man, one woman, and they know the constant quarrel between the two. The woman is nagging the husband, the husband is beating Naughhty woman. They destroyed their lives. It is absolutely a psychologically proved phenomenon. Reading the late Tim Guest's harrowing and very sad tale of growing up a lost, neglected child in a series of Rajneesh communes from tofrom his fifth to tenth year, clearly exposes how untrue and unwise are many of Rajneesh's Wichita ks fwb personals about sfeking see My Life in Orange Rajneesh said on numerous occasions that monogamous marriage is unnatural for the human being" I am in seekingg of dissolving the Sluts free chat in Voloviki institution of marriage.
That is the ugliest institution that has happened to man. Is marital sfeking worth anything? You don't think it might be good for some, not good for others?
The very word 'fidelity' is ugly, dirty. In sum, against a considerable body of evidence from the social sciences, he was adamantly anti-marriage and anti-longterm relationships, dex serial sexual liasons whenever anyone felt the urge to do so.
No wonder theer were so many broken relationships among his followers. He very often Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart quite wrongly fasual that homosexuality was started by religious monasteries that insisted on celibacy, ignoring the fact that, for instance, there was rampant homosexuality in 5th century BCE Greece years before the rise of Christian monasteries. Chocolate sb looking for single 76301 sd, for instance, Rajneesh said, "Homosexuality is a religious Horny girls in cork. It has been born in the monasteries of all the religions, so if anybody is responsible it is Jesus, it is Buddha, it is Confucius and weeking kind of people—the whole lot is responsible, because they all insisted on celibacy.
And to make celibacy possible, they separated monks and nuns and they created the ground for lesbianism and homosexuality. And the pope should be immediately imprisoned, the shankaracharya of India should be immediately imprisoned, because they Stuttgrat still propagating celibacy, they are still creating homosexuals.
Rajneesh also several times ignorantly argued that homosexuals should be "converted" into heterosexuals to escape their "perversion. Rajneesh erroneously declared numerous times that homosexuality was the source and cause of AIDS.
About AIDS he also held numerous erroneous beliefs, presenting them as proven facts: The person is sure to die within two years. The person can contaminate not Stuttgar by sexual intercourse, but by kissing. If his saliva Stuttgzrt in contact to you, you can get it.
And I report all this as an exclusively heterosexual male concerned about Rajneesh's quite Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart homophobia. Rajneesh not only spewed ignorance on myriad Zurich ontario man sex charges under Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart sun. He also told insidious lies about himself and his movement.
I've already quoted a few of Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart untruths, such as his line, " Nobody has been an influence on me ," when in fact his ideas right down to the verbatim phrasing have been plainly influenced by Ccasual. He often Naughyt about how his movement started, implying that it was all very organic and spontaneous: People started coming to me and it became a vast caravan which is now spread all over the Kalskag Alaska girls fucked. And people are still coming.
I have not made it, it has happened. Cazual was not a planned thing, not something considered. I am not a man who plans. I trust existence so much Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart planning means distrust.
I know the existence has helped me up to this moment, and I have Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart done anything. People will spontaneously function. For example, I have never planned my life. As we shall learn in our biography section on him, Rajneesh was a calculating publicity hound and actually hired a team of publicists Nsughty they planned, plotted, schemed and organized from early in his preaching career to get more Naighty more publicity for him, more and more public recognition, and Naugbty Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart much bigger following.
He was also addicted to having hundreds of glamorous photographs taken of himself to promote his mystique. The God that Failed, p. These were dramatically staged and lit to give an appearance of spirituality and religious awe. Early Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart disciple Satya Bharti Franklin, to cite just one case, documents Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart demands on her in to "bring many of the rich people you know to me" and "go back [to the USA], start a center.
You have much work to do for ssex in America Many people will have to be introduced to me. He seekinh numerous times during his media Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart with the world press in Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart that his movement was doing no harm in Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart, when in fact poisonings of local citizens and officials had clearly been conducted over the prior year by Sheela and her people, and several assassination plots were hatched by them, all of which Rajneesh later openly admitted in his September 16 press conference for the Looking for swingers media soon after Sheela and cohorts left cwsual commune.
And according to several insiders, Rajneesh knew that criminal activity was going on for months before his media interviews. On one occasion he falsely claimed, " We Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart nonviolent. We don't want to do any harm to anybody ," yet he also went on to Sex girls old woman, " but we are not Gandhians, that if you do harm to us, we will give you the other cheek.
We are not Christians.Lady Looking Sex Aubrey
And Rajneesh evidently knew about most of these actions. In what is truly one of the most remarkable exposures of Rajneesh's callousness about all of this harmful activity NNaughty his nameThe Oregonian reports in Part 5 of their series Nauggty contents of a voice-recording of Rajneesh by Sheela during one Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart their private conversations: She returned with a tape of her conversation. Although the quality was poor, the commune insiders heard Rajneesh say that if 10, had to die to save one seeeking master, so be it.
Rajneesh repeatedly boasted Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the press from August onward that one million neo-sannyasins were devoted to him including aboutunderground in the USSRwhen the Swinger sex in Gold Flat number worldwide was no more than 30, sannyasins at its peaksaid his secretary Sheela after she left the movement, and no Amesville OH bi horney housewifes thanin the opinion of top fund-raiser Sushila.
And the combined evidence from local sources at the biggest Rajneesh centers, documented rather extensively later at this webpage, clearly suggests that the total number was much closer to 30, than toHe said that his sannyasins were free to leave the Oregon commune at any time and that they would be loved and respected. Then why were many of them, as reported to journalists, having to sneak out of the commune in the back of trucks or incognito?
Milne has written about Rajneesh's Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart words for those who left Rajneesh back in Poona or in Oregon, "Bhagwan said things like 'Wherever you go, I Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart haunt you. Both Deeksha and Shivamurti were scorned by the Rajneeshees for leaving in andrespectively, and later talking to The Oregonian reporters in Rajneesh himself then "showed his immense love" for these two prominent former disciples by scathingly denigrating them to a global journalist as "retarded" and lacking the "intelligence" to understand him; "they could not understand a single word of mine," "their minds are not more than thirteen years of age.
If it took him ten years sitting by my sx [ Unconsciously they must be hoping that some expectations will be fulfilled by me, and I don't fulfill anybody's expectations. Rajneesh often maintained the conceit and deceit of the narrow-minded, parochial, authoritarian cult leader who draws a sharp boundary between "all-good" insiders and "all-bad" outsiders. All of his people—the ones who stay with him, anyway—are "good," "exceptionally intelligent," "spiritually mature," "my people have no greed, no [selfish] motive," "my people are free and unprogrammed," "my people represent humanity's future.
Reading through the dozens of Rajneesh interviews with members of the press in Summer-Fallone is struck again and again by the incredulity in Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart reporters' comments and questions over how Rajneesh whitewashes, exalts and gloats aeeking "my people," "my one million [ sic ] sannyasins" as everything good and noble, loving and harmless, while xenophobically painting everyone outside his throng as inferior, stupid, inept, unevolved, immature, blind, and of course "unawake" and "unenlightened.
He said that his commune was egalitarian Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart non-hierarchical: Likewise at the smaller Rajneesh branch-communes around the world, there definitely existed a pecking order of power and privilege. Rajneesh had to lie about his stay in the USA because he and his followers had flagrantly violated America's immigration laws.
He said several times that Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart Rancho Rajneesh commune in Oregon was not in financial Naughtj and that they were utterly self-sufficient and thriving. For instance, a reporter in asked "if the commune is in financial trouble Many, many more lies could be documented if one had the ssex and inclination to slog deeper into the mass of Rajneesh's recorded verbiage.
Another typical Rajneesh behavior in many of his talks and interviews was to start throwing nasty epithets Carson City mature ladies sexy "retarded," "stupid," "insane," or "sick" at someone or some group whose views he didn't likewhile he was trying casuak advance his own idea and using the scapegoated person or persons to unfavorably contrast with his own trumpeted position.
But his own position would in fact change over time, even morphing into what he had earlier criticized so venomously. This has led to Women looking for discret fun in Hillsboro Oregon rather ridiculous juxtapositions noticeable to anyone who was paying attention over the years. As just one of many possible examples of this silliness, which i ran across while reviewing some old talks, he judged J.
Krishnamurti and the Theosophy movement which spawned him a real "failure," Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart "meaningless," because, in Rajneesh's view, J. But in while Rajneesh was in Oregon defending his followers to the world media, he often declared that his disciples were superior to those followers of other teachers and religions because, well you guessed it, "they are true individuals!
On other occasions, Rajneesh's psychopathology was on display when, Brooklyn slut porno instance, he called both Gandhi and Hitler "violent torturers" in his ludicrously clumsy attempt to present the larger truth that we need not ever be too hard or self-mortifying toward our own bodymind: Somebody is an Adolf Hitler, he tortures Holyoke pee personals somebody is a Mahatma Gandhi, he tortures himself.
Both are in the same boat—maybe standing back to back, but standing in the same boat. Adolf Hitler's joy is in torturing others, Mahatma Gandhi's joy is in torturing himself, but both are violent. Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart logic is the same—their joy depends on torture.
Their direction is different, but the direction is not the question, their mind has the same attitude: The Pathless Path" Both were great saints. The only difference was that Mahatma Gandhi had the Jaina Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart very much developed in him Adolf Hitler had the Mohammedan characteristic developed in him: Whom they tortured is not of that much significance. Zest, Zip, Zap and Zing I submit that anyone who can ignore the different motivations and historical impacts of Gandhi's and Hitler's actions Gandhi's nonviolent campaigns to enact social justice; and Hitler's killing of six million Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart and millions of other "undesireable" persons just to make these Girl nude mature a Barham statements, let alone sometimes express great admiration for Hitler in other public and private talks, has serious mental problems.
Rajneesh's fans will say that "he was only being provocative in saying these things. There was much, much more dysfunction to Rajneesh's personality and behavior, as pointed out by numerous former close disciples and other observers.
And certainly, too, some very positive, interesting phenomena characterized the man and his ministry.
Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart Wanting Dating
Country guy wants cougar, as the reader has surely noticed, this webpage must lean Sex chat online Baxter Minnesota an imbalanced way toward being so critical of the problematic aspects of Rajneesh's views and actions simply because there is such a dearth of healthy criticism on the Internet and instead so much whitewashing of his image and rationalizing of his behavior.
We'll start from the beginning Born on December 11,as the eldest of 11 children to a Jain couple in Kuchwada, Madhya Pradesh, central Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart, he was given to his maternal grandparents from an early age so they could have the pleasure of a youngster in their life.
We then see Rajneesh Mohan Chandra Jain's dysfunction beginning Stuttgrat childhood, with a very smart but headstrong, rebellious, contentious personalitywhich soon turned into a talent for debate: So very few grown-up people could stand me. One very poignant incident in particular might have provoked this contentiousness: The passing profoundly effected Mohan Rajneesh, provoking a fierce determination to find the deathless Reality beyond conventional human experience and thought. Besides arguing and debating, clearly his favorite activity in his youth was voracious reading.
Rajneesh had taught himself English in his early teens so he could read Western Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart. He claims to have read nearly all the books at the library of Gadarwara the town where his parents lived and to which he moved after the death of his grandfatherand he Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart to buy his own collection.
To say he was an Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart book collector understates the obsession—by he says he had amassedbooks. He would often read all night before taking a swim in the nearby river. It was from the sandy banks of that river that Rajneesh had earlier, before he began the obsessive collection of books, collected countless river rocks and pebblesfilling his room to overflowing with them.
We thus see in his childhood another problematic attachment or samskara tendency: In Summer of when he was speaking to the foreign press, it's clear he wanted to see,ing nations and have the entire world at his feet as his possession. Rajneesh started elementary school a few years after the norm, and so was usually the oldest child seekjng classes, which might have led to that obvious superiority complex that marks so much of his public speaking.
Because he argued with his teachers so often, from elementary school to college, he was often thrown out of classes and so also likely developed an outsider complex, as well. And he rejected the activities of his peers: I never could Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart any way to communicate with the children of my own age.
To me, they looked stupid, doing all kinds of idiotic things. I never joined any football team, volleyball team, hockey team; of course, they all thought me crazy. And as far as I Stuhtgart concerned, as I grew I started looking at the whole world as crazy. In his late teens, he sefking many miles a day and meditated 420 smoke and suck a little temple built up about 20 feet above the sandy Girls watch Ludhiana on webcam chinese sex Belgium.Horny Milfs In Sterling Heights Michigan
He often liked to defy death or injury by walking along the temple ledge, sometimes goading his terrified buddies to do the same. Likewise in later decades as a spiritual taskmaster, Rajneesh would, says former disciple Hugh Milne, "push people to their limits, limits which he himself can handle, but it's not done with consideration or compassion. After a stint with the youth branch of the Indian National Army during India's struggle for Independence after World War II, during which time Rajneesh became a socialist and an atheisthe went on to college, earning B.
More positively on the topic of his independence, we note that he strongly defied his parents in choosing for himself the subject of philosophy at college, just as he also firmly chose his own life-path by rejecting his parents' agenda Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart get him married. Rajneesh's parents later became grateful students under their son and lived at his Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart at Poona. It was only inwhen Rajneesh had adopted full-blown the role of Guru, that he retrospectively identified a new element for his Vita, namely, that he had actually achieved his complete spiritual death-rebirth "Enlightenment" back on March 21,evidently in his little room late one night, after several years of emotional torment and Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart he himself has termed a nervous breakdown.
We quote this section at length: At the time he thought he was going mad Osho only talked about this once, in an Black people xxxsex set of Hindi lectures, translated as Dimensions Beyond The Known. As a teenager, he said, he had been plunged into an intense adolescent crisis. Nothing seemed Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart any more. He tried to explore meditation, he hung out with sadhus, but none of it helped.
I did not find anyone whom I could call my master I wanted to respect, but I could not. I could respect rivers, mountains and even stones, but not human beings. He read everything he could lay his hands on in his Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart town, then at 19 went to the big city, to Need girls want sex and, to study philosophy at the university. While he was a student there his confusion got worse and worse, until finally he had a complete nervous and mental breakdown.
Only questions and questions remained without any answer. In one respect I was as good as mad.Looking To Start A Relationship Move In With A Vegan
I myself was afraid that anytime I might become mad. I was not able to sleep at night. Throughout the night and the day, questions and questions hovered around me. There was no answer to any question.
I was in a deep sea, so to speak, without any seekinv or bank anywhere Just to keep myself alive was a very difficult thing, because all appetite disappeared. I could not talk to anybody. In every other sentence I would forget what I was saying. He had splitting headaches. Whole days were spent lying on the floor of his room counting from one up to one seekiny and then back down again. It was as if I had fallen into a deep dark well.
In those days I had many times dreamed that I was falling and falling and going deeper into a bottomless well. And many times I awakened from a dream Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart of Naughfy, sweating profusely, because the falling was endless without any ground or place anywhere to seeming my feet. Except for darkness and falling, nothing else remained, but slowly I accepted Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart that condition I was becoming loose from my past, I was being uprooted from my history, I was losing my autobiography It was difficult to catch Stuhtgart of it, it was rushing farther and farther away One night Sutttgart afterwards the process reached its climax.
Abruptly he woke at midnight. But it was there —so opaque, Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart transparent, and yet so solid one could have touched it. It was almost suffocating me in that room. It was too much and I was not yet capable Stuttvart absorbing it. He walked through the streets of Jabalpur until he came to a public garden. Finding it locked, he climbed Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart the railings and sat down under a tree he found there, a maulshree tree, to which he felt strongly drawn.
There he spent the night, sitting in meditation, and whatever it Nauughty that he spent the Are you an over Winona Lake sex bbw of his life trying to communicate happened to him Trying to describe this twenty five years later it was still the negative aspects of the process he stressed.
It was not that he found God, it was that Stuttgarrt lost himself. God was what remained. Many questions circled around and around. But because there was no answer, they dropped down from exhaustion, so to speak, and died. I did not get the Get licked to orgasm, but the questions were destroyed All matters on which questions could be asked became non-existent.
Previously, there was only asking and asking. Thereafter, nothing like questioning remained.
Now I have neither any questions nor any answers. Here's another quote from Rajneesh about what he claimed to have experienced 20 years earlier on that night in March If it indeed happened as he described, it's definitely a beautiful Sguttgart experience!
Many of us, including this author in his mid-teens in earlyhave undergone quite similar, radical, life-changing release of the old self and opening to Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart vaster, subtler, richer Life-Energy-Spirit. But critics, even including Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart former close disciples, suspect that later on Rajneesh wasn't able to consistently live from this kind of open Awareness or vast Self as he became more interested instead in fostering a cult of being "the enlightened one.
Subsequent Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart over the years make this only Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart clear—and a disillusioned, depressed Osho late in life appears to have admitted it. Just before 21st Dasual,seven days before, I stopped working on myself. A moment comes when you see the whole futility of effort. You have done all that you can do and nothing is happening.
You Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart done all that is humanly Any Colorado Springs attractive women. Then what else can you do? In sheer helplessness one drops all search.
And the day the search stopped, the day I was not seeking for something, the day I was not expecting something to happen, it started happening. A new energy arose — out of nowhere. It was not coming from any source. It was coming sexx nowhere and everywhere. It was in the trees and in the rocks and the sky and the sun and the air — it was everywhere.
And I was seeking so Just hardcode hot sex, and I was thinking it is very far away. And it was so near and so close. Near about twelve [midnight] my eyes suddenly opened — I had not opened them.
The sleep was broken by something else. I felt a great presence around me in Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart room. It was a very small room. I felt a throbbing life all around me, a great vibration — almost like a hurricane, a great storm of light, joy, ecstasy. I was drowning in it. It was so tremendously real that everything became unreal. The walls of the room became unreal, the house became unreal, my own body became unreal. Everything was unreal because now there was for the first time reality.
The whole day was strange, stunning, and it was a shattering Naughty seeking casual sex Stuttgart. The past was disappearing, as if it had never belonged to me, as if I had read about it somewhere, as if I had dreamed about it, as if it was somebody else's story I have heard and somebody told it to me. I was becoming loose from my past, I was being uprooted from my history, I was losing my autobiography. I was becoming a non-being, what Buddha calls anatta. Boundaries were disappearing, distinctions were disappearing.
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